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Types of U.S. Work Visas

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Permanent and temporary U.S. work visa options.

The O-1 nonimmigrant visa is for aliens of extraordinary ability who are coming to the U.S. to work in their field of expertise. To obtain an O-1 visa, you must have an offer of employment from a U.S. employer and prove that you are extraordinary in your field.
To prove you are extraordinary, you must meet three of six characteristics. These include earning a high salary (remuneration), making original contributions to your field, receiving achievements/awards, and performance in a lead/starring/critical role in your field.
The E-1 nonimmigrant visa allows nationals of certain countries to come to the U.S. in order to carry on trade activities. You can obtain the E-1 visa as a Treaty Trader or a Treaty Investor. You must be a national of a country that maintains a trade treaty with the U.S., and you must establish that you are coming to the U.S. pursuant to that treaty to carry on substantial trade.
Also, if you want to come as a Treaty Investor, you have to invest a substantial amount of money in a U.S. business, and prove that you are coming to the U.S. to develop that investment. Typically, you apply for an E-1 visa at the U.S. consulate in your home country, and you do not file any documents with USCIS.
The TN visa was created by NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement). The TN visa allows only Canadian and Mexican citizens to come to the U.S. to work for a U.S. employer.
To qualify for a TN visa, you must prove that you are a citizen of Canada or Mexico, that you have a job offer with a U.S. employer, and that your position qualifies for the TN visa under NAFTA. Examples include accountants, engineers, lawyers, pharmacists, scientists, and teachers. To qualify, you will need a U.S. employer to sponsor you
If you come to the U.S. with an immigrant visa, you will receive permanent residence upon U.S. entry and your actual green card soon after.
The following are immigrant work visas that will allow you to work and live in the U.S. permanently.
The extraordinary ability visa is included in the employment-based 1st preference immigrant category (EB-1). Few foreign nationals qualify for extraordinary ability visas, because you have to demonstrate that you are in the top of your profession and that you have sustained international or national acclaim in your field.
To do so, you must demonstrate that you meet three of ten characteristics showing extraordinary ability. These include the publication of scholarly articles, publications about you or your work, awards, critical role for a leading organization, membership in professional associations, original contributions, high remuneration, showcases or exhibitions of your work, judging of the work of others, and commercial success in the performing arts.
The multinational executive visa is also included in the employment-based 1st preference immigrant category (EB-1) and is a little like an immigrant version of the L-1 nonimmigrant visa. To qualify, you will need a U.S. employer to sponsor you
The advanced degree category is in the employment-based second preference immigrant category (EB-2). To qualify, you will need a U.S. employer to sponsor you.

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